It is no doubt that information technology is a wide field. It has already active enterprises and organizations all over the world to work in an efficient manner. It plays a very important role in effective management and running of a business. In this week’s lecture, we have discussed why business applications are important to information technology students. IT students are always required to have a good sense for operating the software and collecting the data. The use of information technology in organizations is inevitable, be it any type of company like manufacturing or medicinal sector. It has contributed largely to the process advancements in organizations.
In general, impact of information technology on business can be explored in two aspects: (1) software and applications, (2) hardware devices. In the following discussion, I will discuss both elements in details.
Software and Applications
Software is an important part of information technology which relates to computer applications. It enables a company to generate, store, program, and retrieve data when needed (Stephen Rampur, 2011). Nowadays, thousands of softwares are developed for various business purposes. All operations in the business sector are carried out by softwares that are assigned for executing specific tasks. Without these computer applications the businesses would not have been able to carry out their functions in a proper and efficient manner. Operating systems, SAP, quickbooks, and web browsers are some examples of different softwares.
There are also some softwares which are exclusively built to contribute to the proper collaborative working of all sections of the businesses, which are known as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). These are complex applications which enable people to efficiently manage all functions and operations of all processes in the businesses. For example, SAP is a kind of business management software. Its applications aim to help companies “operate profitably, adapt continuously, and grow sustainably” (SAP, 2011).
These are various computer equipments that house the softwares. Devices like microcomputers, mid-size servers, and huge mainframe systems are some examples of hardware (Stephen Rampur, 2011). Businesses have to maintain a huge collection of important data. For this purpose, they employ these devices which are responsible for storing confidential company data and retrieving it back when required. Other hardware devices include network devices that are used for providing Internet access to the businesses to work and communicate expeditiously.
Apparently, information technology offers many opportunities for business. With the development of web-based applications, electronic communications systems, such as forum, blog and Twitter, are invaluable marketing tools, enabling a business to stay connected with customers and suppliers (Devra Gartenstein, Demand Media, 2011). For instance, Telstra established a web page, which is known as Telstra Exchange, containing blogs written from staff across the organization.It writes posts about new products and services, and provides information about ways that your business is evolving. Consequently, Telstra Exchange provides Telstra with another platform for reaching out to customers through the words of their staff, while providing a platform for discussion about the future of communications.
The information technology role in business sector certainly is of a great importance, which enables businesses to effectively and successfully plan, manage, execute strategies which lead to profit. Moreover, the impact of information technology on business is on the rise, as several advancements are focused on to be implemented in various business processes.
- Devra Gartenstein, Demand Media. (2011). How to Enhance a Small Business Through Technology.
- Stephen Rampur. (2011). Impact of Information Technology on Business.
- SAP. (2011)